From Magellanic penguins to military history! The Argentines call it Islas Malvinas. To the British, this south Atlantic archipelago is known as the Falkland Islands. While it’s the southern-most point of South America, the Falklands are a bastion of British culture and traditions. Located about 400 km northeast of Tierra del Fuego, the Falklands are known for their wildlife (penguins and bird species are plentiful) as well as their dramatic history. Sovereignty disputes between the United Kingdom and Argentina led to the 1982 Falklands War. The Falklands, consisting of East and West Falkland which are separated by Falkland Sound, are a popular stop for travelers on their way to Antarctica.